Hormonal Acne: Why It Happens
Is menopausal acne a form of hormonal acne?
Many women go through menopause in their 50’s. This causes a natural decrease in your reproductive hormones, resulting in the end of menstruation.
Some women get acne during menopause. This may be due to decreased estrogen levels or increased androgen hormones such as testosterone.
You may still experience menopausal acne, even if you are taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to relieve your menopause symptoms. This is because some HRT uses the influx of progestin hormones to replace the estrogen and progesterone that your body is missing. Introducing this hormone to your system can cause your skin to breakout.
In most cases, prescription drugs can clear up menopausal acne. Some women may find success by using natural methods of treatment. Talk to your doctor about which options might be right for you.
Hormonal acne is when pimples form in adulthood, which can range from black or white blackheads to painful cysts. Hormonal acne is linked to the overproduction of sebum (an oily substance in the skin’s glands), which clogs the pores, thus causing acne. Although often unavoidable, hormonal acne can be treated to prevent future acne formation.
Symptoms of hormonal acne
Acne causes lesions (broken skin tissue) that can become inflamed and become red, painful or sore. Lesions most likely appear on your cheeks, but may also appear in the following places: Face, neck, shoulders, and chest.
Hormonal acne can present as the following types of lesions:
3. Papules (raised skin tissue, 2–5 mm in diameter).
4. Pustules (pus-filled skin lumps, 2–5 mm in diameter).
5. Cysts (pouches under the skin filled with fluid).
There are several main factors that cause acne.
Hormones are a major factor, which is probably why some people call it hormonal acne.
The four components of acne involve the units at the base of the hairs on the skin:
1. The production of the hormone testosterone increases during puberty, it causes oily skin due to increased production of sebum, an oily substance that is secreted at the base of the hair to protect and lubricate the skin.
2. Hair follicles become clogged, forming comedones or “clogged pores”. The overproduction of skin cells that would normally be pushed up and lost from the surface also adds to this process.
3. Blackheads can be exacerbated by bacterial infection.
4. The immune system reacts to bacteria, causing inflammation.
Not all pimples are inflammatory Simple comedo — blackheads and whiteheads — may not be inflamed. Pimples called papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts are — in increasing order of severity — inflamed.